Key to Symbols and Abbreviations


General abbreviations and symbols

DateMonth and year when the frequency was most recently heard, or confirmed to be inactive.
FreqFrequency (in kHz except where stated)
PowerTransmitter power (in kW)
TimesAll times are shown in UTC (GMT)
v Variable frequency or time
*Frequency is believed to be inactive
+Indicates that the frequency operates before or after the time shown, but the full schedule is not known.

Radio station abbreviations

AIRAll India Radio
BBCBritish Broadcasting Corporation
BSKSABroadcasting Service of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
CNRChina National Radio (Central People's Broadcasting Station)
CRIChina Radio International
DWDeutsche Welle
EBSEconomic Broadcasting Station
FEBCFar East Broadcasting Company
KCBSKorean Central Broadcasting Station
LNRLao National Radio
NRCNational Radio of Cambodia
NVCNational Voice of Cambodia (External Service)
PBSPeople's Broadcasting Station
RFIRadio France Internationale
RRIRadio Republik Indonesia
RTRadio Thailand
RTBRadio Television Brunei
RTHKRadio & Television Hong Kong
RTMRadio Televisyen Malaysia
SLBCSri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation
VBVividh Bharat (Commercial service of All India Radio)
VOAVoice of America
VOIRIVoice of the Islamic Republic of Iran
VOVVoice of Vietnam
VTVVietnam Television